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el mòbil com a eina i no com a distractor – rosa sensat_11

Driven to DistractionCredit… Courtesy of Joe ColsonMartin Cooper, who developed the initial mobile phone, remembered testifying before a Michigan state commission regarding the risks of speaking on a phone when driving. Common sense, stated Mr. Cooper, a Motorola engineer, ordered that drivers keep their eyes on the road and hands on the wheel. Commission members requested Mr. Cooper that which might be done about risks posed from these early cellular telephones. “There ought to be a lock dial,” he said he had imprisoned,”so that you could not dial while driving” It was the early 1960s. Long before cellphones became common, industry leaders were conscious of the risks of multitasking behind the wheel. Their hunches are supported by many scientific studies demonstrating the dangers of talking while driving and, even more recently, of texting. Regardless of the mounting evidence, the industry built itself into a $150 billion business in the United States mainly by winning over a critical customer: the driver. For years, it’s marketed the merits of cellphones for drivers. Really, the business originally called them auto phones and extolled them useful status symbols in advertisements, such as one from 1984 showing a executive order behind the wheel that asked:”Can your secretary take dictation in 55 MPH?” (View a timeline of advertisements marketing cellphones to motorists, and studies demonstrating their risks. ) “That was the business,” explained Kevin Roe, el mòbil com a eina i no com a distractor – rosa sensat a telecommunications industry analyst as 1993. Wireless businesses”made everything to help keep people speaking in their cars.” They triumphed. The national government estimated in 2007 which 11 percent of all motorists were talking on their phones at any particular time. But that success has come at a cost. Researchers at Harvard have estimated , even seven decades ago, drivers with cellphones were inducing deadly crashes per year in the United States and accidents that resulted in a range of injuries, from minor to serious. And studies show that a driver talking on a phone is just four times likelier to crash and that having a hand-held apparatus does not eliminate the risk. The industry notes that the mobile apparatus has proceeded well beyond its origins as a car phone and asserts that research on the dangers of distracted driving is inconclusive, even as wireless companies have spent countless campaigns to educate drivers. But the industry’s chief spokesman, Steve Largent, confessed recently interviews that those efforts have fallen short. He said the businesses aim to do much more, especially in light of the explosion of texting, which they say poses a profoundly serious risk. The CTIA, the industry’s trade group, supports legislation banning texting while driving. It has also changed its stance on legislation to prohibit talking on mobiles while driving — for years, it opposed such legislation; today It’s neutral

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